Reflections on the Sanctuary and the Day of Atonement

Fred Bischoff


Windows into Reality  We are given 5 windows to carry us from our realm (affected by sin; dark; seeing very little; shadows; wrong assumptions and thought patterns) to the eternal realm.



Dominion and kingdom

Marriage and family

Hosts and war

Law and judgment

Holiness and sanctuary

First occurrences

Gen. 1

Gen. 1

Gen. 2; more in Gen. 3

Gen. 2; more in Gen. 3

Gen. 2; more in Gen. 3

Salvation terms as applied to each:

Rebellion cured by submission; debt relieved by forgiveness

Alienation/ divorce removed by reconciliation

Battle won by victory

Condemnation lifted by justification

Defilement cleansed by sanctification

The view each gives of God:




Attorney/ Advocate/ Judge

High Priest/ Glory

Geography as related to God's location



War room



Daniel and Revelation

Daniel; Revelation


Daniel; Revelation

Daniel; Revelation

Daniel; Revelation

How is the goal reached

Matt. 26:28; Luke 5:20

Rom. 3:25; 5:10

Rev. 12:11; 1John 5:4

Rom. 5:9; Gal. 2:16, 17

Acts 26:18; Heb. 13:12


Humanity's existence is immersed in the realities these pictures provide for us. We disregard them at our eternal peril. These are all woven together in the Bible accounts. See for example Mal. 3:1-5.


In the sanctuary window, we have the Day of Atonement, the 6th of the 7 yearly festivals in the Jewish yearly cycle = reaching conclusion. Phrase "day of atonement" occurs only in Lev. 23:27, 28; 25:9. Kippur:  atonement (x8 only); from verb kaphar:  to cover; first of Noah, pitch, ark. "Mercy seat" = Kapporeth:  cover (x22); also from verb kaphar; first 7 occurrences are in Exo. 25:17-22; it was solid gold with cherubim. Picture:  Law (testimony; covenant) covered with gold lid with cherubim looking; sprinkled with blood on the Day of Atonement. See the connections with Rom. 3:19-31; 2Cor. 5:14-16.


Day of Atonement Experience

Poured out life of God (blood of Christ), expressing poured out faith and love (righteousness); put in contact with solid faith and love that Christ was set forth, a cover of the law; keeping sinners alive and affirming the law. When we see that, we understand gospel and law. When we see the universal dimension of it, we see no others "after the flesh." When we enter into those realities, we follow Christ by faith into the Most Holy Place.


This experience has been available for all generations of sinners. But it is especially for all humanity since 1844, because God has only one way to bring the great controversy to a conclusion. This is the final application of the only thing that avails, faith working by love (Gal. 5:6).

Day of Atonement in Daniel's view:  process of God's kingdom being set up; judgment

Day of Atonement in Revelation's view:  6th to 7th of series of sevens

3 messages to there:  (1) Rev. 14:6, 7; (2) Rev. 14:8; (3) Matt. 25:1-13

3 messages from there:  (4) Rev. 14:9-12; (5) Rev. 3:14-22; (6) Rev. 18:1-8